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In GIS vector files are digital files that store geographical features and attributes in vector format. In contrast to raster files, which store geographical information as pixels, vector files store information as points, lines, and polyggon shapes, and use mathematical equations to define their geometric properties.

GIS vector files are used to store and analyze geographic data, such as road networks, buildings, land parcels, and natural features, among others. The data stored in these files can be used for various purposes, including mapping, spatial analysis, and data management.

There are several types of GIS vector files, including point files, which represent individual locations; line files, which represent linear features such as roads and rivers; and polygon files, which represent areas such as land parcels or bodies of water. Each feature in a GIS vector file also has associated attributes, such as name, length, area, or other relevant information.

GIS vector files can be used with a variety of GIS software and can be converted to other file formats for use in other applications. They are widely used in many industries, including environmental management, urban planning, and natural resource management, among others.


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