What is Photogrammetry?
Updated: Sep 19
Photogrammetry can be used to create highly accurate maps and 3D models of terrain, and other features on the earth's surface. Photogrammetry can also be used to create accurate models of buildings, bridges, and other structures, allowing engineers and architects to design and plan construction projects more effectively.
Photogrammetry can be performed on a variety of images, including aerial photographs, satellite images, and ground-based photographs. The process typically involves the following steps:
Image acquisition: Photographs of the object or area of interest are taken using a camera or other imaging device. Multiple images are usually taken from different angles to ensure adequate coverage of the subject.
Image processing: The photographs are processed using specialized software to extract key features and create a 3D model or map. This can involve stitching together multiple images, identifying common features between images, and using mathematical algorithms to calculate the location and shape of the object or area.
Data analysis: The 3D model or map created from the photographs is analyzed to extract useful information. This can include measurements of size, volume, and distance, as well as information about the shape and topography of the object or area.
Visualization: The results of the photogrammetry process can be visualized in a variety of ways, including as 3D models, maps, or animations. This can be useful for communicating information about the subject being studied or for further analysis and interpretation.
Advantages of photogrammetry over LiDAR
Both photogrammetry and LiDAR are remote sensing technologies that can be used to create 3D models of objects and environments. While both methods have their advantages and disadvantages, some of the advantages of photogrammetry over LiDAR include:
Cost-effectiveness: Photogrammetry can be less expensive than LiDAR because it relies on photographs, which are relatively inexpensive to acquire, rather than specialized hardware such as LiDAR sensors.
High-resolution imagery: Photogrammetry can produce high-resolution images that capture great detail, which can be useful for applications such as archaeology and cultural heritage preservation.
Non-invasive: Photogrammetry does not require physical contact with the object or environment being studied, which can be beneficial in situations where direct contact could cause damage or disturbance.
Flexibility: Photogrammetry can be performed using a wide range of cameras and imaging devices, including drones, satellites, and ground-based cameras, making it a flexible technology that can be used in a variety of settings.
Larger coverage area: Photogrammetry can cover larger areas than LiDAR in a single flight, making it a more efficient way to map large-scale areas such as forests or agricultural fields.
It's worth noting that LiDAR also has its own set of advantages, including its ability to penetrate vegetation and produce highly accurate elevation data, which can be useful in applications such as floodplain mapping and forestry management. The choice between photogrammetry and LiDAR will ultimately depend on the application's specific needs and the characteristics of the object or environment being studied.
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